Having a small garden means that you have less space and limited growing options, because let’s face it you cannot grow huge trees in a square foot garden. Some plants and vegetables need room to breathe and expand their stems and roots.

If you don’t provide them the required space, they can take over other plants and destroy them in the process too. Hence, you need to be very selective about the things that you want to grow in your miniature garden.

Don’t be disappointed because you cannot grow huge trees in your garden but you can still grow a lot of fruits, vegetables and fragrant plants in your square foot garden. You can use these fresh vegetables and fruits to make salads daily.

Fresh food always tastes better, plus, it is healthy. So, you get dual benefits with single effort. Whether your garden is 4 foot by 4 foot or 2 foot by 3 foot in size, the plants mentioned here are suitable for both sizes. Here is an extensive list of things that you can grow in your garden.

Summer Vegetables

Not all vegetables are present in the market all year long, unless they are exported, but those are way too expensive. Very few vegetables have the privilege of growing throughout the year such as tomatoes, potatoes etc. However, the plantation methods are different for both seasons but the growth of these vegetables is in full swing in a particular season.

Here is a list of vegetables that you can grow in your square foot garden in summer season. Besides them we have mentioned the number of squares they may consume; however, that is tentative. (1 square = 1 sq. ft) Beets (16 plants in 1 square) Bell Peppers (1 square) Broccoli (1 square) Bush Beans (8 plants in 1 square) Carrots (1 square) Cucumber (3 squares) Eggplant (1 square) Green Onions (16 plants in 1 square))Kohlrabi (1 square) Lettuce (4 plants in 1 square) Potatoes (1 square) Radish (16 plants in 1 square) Spinach (8 plants in 1 square) Sweet Corn (1 square) Tomatoes (1 square) Zucchini (9 squares)

Winter Vegetables

In winters, staying in the sun and experimenting with your garden can be a lot of fun. ‘If you live in an area where frosting is a common issue, then you need to harvest these plants a few weeks before the frost date’ according to Garden Toolbox.

Here is a list of vegetables that you can grow in the winter season. The square size mentioned here is identical to the one mentioned in the previous topic. Asparagus (1 square) Broccoli (1 square) Cabbage (2 squares) Carrots (1 square) Celery (3 squares) Collard Greens (2 squares) Kale (1 square) Leeks (1 square) Parsnips (2 squares) Parsley (2 squares) Rutabagas (2 squares) Sweet Potatoes (1 square) Swiss Chard (1 square) Turnips (2 squares)

Some Common Herbs

You can make your square foot garden rich in herbs and diversify your food life at the same time. People usually have personal preferences when it comes to growing herbs. Some like the taste of thyme in their food while others like to make it healthy by adding cilantro. Here are some herbs that can be grown in small spaces.

Oregano

Oregano — This herb should be harvested in fall. It will take 2 to 3 weeks to grow and emerge from the soil. A single plant should be harvested in one square. Moreover, it acts as a repellent for cabbage butterfly.

Rosemary

Rosemary — Rosemary seeds need a warm environment to nurture, so it is better to plant them 6 to 8 weeks before the winter season. One plant should be harvested in one square.

Thyme

Thyme — Thyme is beneficial for your garden as well, as it has the tendency to attract insects for pollination. It should be planted in the fall season, before winter takes its toll. Like rosemary and oregano, one plant should be planted per square.

Dill

Dill — Dill is a good plantation choice but it should not be planted near carrots; as it belongs to the same family and can cross pollinate to deliver odd results. Dill takes about 2 squares.

Garlic

Garlic — Garlic bulbs should be harvested in October or November. They need to be inserted at least 3 inches below the surface and they cover a lot of space. Therefore, 4 to 9 squares should be reserved for a single plant.

Chives

Chives — You should harvest chives along with carrots, it will enhance the growth of both plants. Chives take about 2 square. You are always welcome to experiment with different herbs.

Fruits, Trees and Berries It is always fun to plant fruits in your small garden. Nothing beats the taste of these fruits and berries! However, juts make sure that your vegetable and fruits square gardens are at a considerable distance from each other; otherwise you will see a lot of mix breeds.

If you are a gardening beginner then you should start with some small fruits like grapes, gooseberries, strawberries and blueberries.

Strawberries take about 6 to 8 weeks to grow; moreover, you can plant 5 strawberry plants in a single square foot garden. Other fruits and berries that can be easily grown in a square foot garden include all types of raspberries, cherries, melons, cranberries and currants. As most of the fruits grow on trees, growing fruits in a square foot garden can be a bit tough.

However, that does not mean that you cannot grow any plant in your garden. You can beautify your square foot garden by planting dwarf fruit trees. Since trees expand in horizontal and vertical direction, you need to be very careful during the plantation. Two consecutive plants should be planted at least 4 feet from each other. The best examples of such trees are dwarf apple and cherry trees.

Flowers

Flowers are the beauty of the garden and they are an essential requirement too. The presence of flowers attracts beneficial insects which are important for pollination.

Plus, they are easy to grow and can make your indoors and outdoors fragrant. Almost every gardener starts with the plantation of flowers and then proceeds on to vegetables and fruits. However, that is not a compulsion.

The following flowers can be planted in a square foot garden: * Marigold (1 square) * Salvia (4 plants in 1 square) * Dahlia (1 square) * Petunia (4 plants in 1 square) * Pansy (4 plants in 1 square) * Dusty Miller (4 plants in 1 square) * Bee balm (1 square) * Lily of the valley (1 square) * Red clover (1 square) * Poppies (2 squares) This is not the end of list; you can always experiment with new flowers.

Britain’s 15 million gardens comprise over one million acres of land. So it stands to reason that if those one million acres are being treated with harsh chemicals and stripped of their natural flora and fauna, it will have a fairly big impact on the eco-system. Here’s how to embrace green gardening and do your bit for the environment. See “How to Make Your Garden Eco-Friendly” for more information.

Ditch the chemicals

There are plenty of ways to control pests other than chemical pesticides. Sprays may kill pests but they also kill their natural predators which upsets your garden’s ecology.

Biological controls involve one tiny organism killing another and are effective at tackling everything from slugs to vine weevils. Alternatively, use old-fashioned barriers and traps such as ‘beer pubs’, where slugs fall into a puddle of beer.

Enrich your soil

Healthy soil means healthy plants, which can stand up to pests and diseases. Improve your soil by digging in well-rotted manure, leaf mould or compost. This will increase its fertility and improve its structure – important for aeration and holding water. It will also help stop weeds stealing nutrients from your plants.

Make your own compost

It couldn’t be easier: just throw in household waste such as cardboard, teabags, peelings and eggshells and then dig it back into your garden. Packed with nutrients, it’ll do your garden a whole lot of good.

Protect the peat

Britain’s peat bogs are valuable wildlife habitats but in the last 50 years over 90% have been destroyed or damaged. You can easily garden without peat. Check for the words ‘peat free‘ on compost packaging. Ideally, it’ll be organic and locally-produced too.

Choose your plants carefully

Plant ‘ecologically’ by selecting plants whose natural habitat resembles your garden: they’ll be much more likely to thrive. Check the label for details. Try to plant some native species too as so much of their natural habitat has been lost. Beware of imported plants which may bring in imported pests and disrupt the ecosystem.

Save water

The best time to water is in the evening; it’s not as effective during the day because of evaporation. It’s also much more economical to collect rainwater in a water butt and use a can instead of a hose.

Attract wildlife

Our gardens are becoming important havens for wildlife. A pond is one of the best habitats you can provide, as is a wildflower area (buy wildflower seed packs from your local garden centre). The birds, insects and butterflies that visit your garden will not only give you pleasure, they’ll munch on the pests that munch your plants too!

Making little changes in your garden can significantly benefit its productivity. Eco-fitting is the updating of existing elements of your garden space and the addition of new ones to make it more self-sustaining and less wasteful. The eco-fitting ethos is to reuse and recycle to transform a dull and lifeless garden into a productive and planet-friendly area. It enables the garden to become a self-sufficient space, reliant on renewable sources of energy and a friendlier place to wildlife.

Small Changes

It is important to remember that you do not have to undertake an eco-fit all at once; you can start off small and let your ideas grow as your eco-friendly garden begins to blossom. Simply growing more flowers to attract pest-controlling insects can give immediate results and boost biodiversity within the garden.

Flowers Garden

Strategic planting can help to ward off pests. Companion planting, where two or more plants are grown close together, can prevent one crop being destroyed by pests or disease. The implementation of a vegetable plot can revitalise the lawn into a decorative kitchen garden.

Wildlife & Habitats

Encouraging wildlife is a fundamental feature to making a garden eco-friendly and adding habitats creates a beneficial garden ecosystem. Welcome friendly bugs, such as ladybugs and lacewings, which eat insect pests that destroy crops. To achieve this, plant bright flowers such as sunflowers and marigolds to attract the bugs and create places where they can shelter and lay eggs. Invite birds which eat slugs, snails, grubs, caterpillars and other pests that destroy plants into the garden by putting up bird feeders and nesting boxes.

Sunlight

Sunlight is a practical way of turning a garden into an eco-friendly space. For example, a lean-to greenhouse warms up as it absorbs sunlight energy, in turn creating a space to grow edible and decorative plants. Using solar panels can charge batteries to operate shed and landscape lights. Judging by the ever-changing weather, it is also important to harvest rainwater and use it resourcefully. Rainwater from the roof of a greenhouse or shed can be stored in attached recycled plastic water butts.

Controlling Pests

There are a variety of products available on the market, but it’s also a great opportunity to get inventive and create your own. Deterring formidable pests, such as slugs and snails, from entering a garden space will ensure it is kept productive and flourishing. Use a band of copper, water-displacement spray or petroleum jelly around containers or slug pellets that are not harmful to wildlife or children as reliable methods of control. Setting up traps is an effective way of catching garden pests. Sticky yellow sheets are great for flying insects. To catch slugs, sink yoghurt cups filled with milk or beer into the ground.

Flypaper

Compost

Composting is another efficient way to make your garden more eco-friendly. When setting up a compost bin, it is important to make sure it’s in a warm, partly sunny site on top of some soil. All garden and kitchen waste can also be composted in recycled wooden bins and then returned to the garden to improve the soil.

Recycling Materials

Using recycled materials is a really important attribute of an eco-fitted garden. Not only is it environmentally friendly, it’s also cost-effective. All kinds of everyday packaging and old plastic and wooden containers can be recycled into pots for plants.