Having a small garden means that you have less space and limited growing options, because let’s face it you cannot grow huge trees in a square foot garden. Some plants and vegetables need room to breathe and expand their stems and roots.
If you don’t provide them the required space, they can take over other plants and destroy them in the process too. Hence, you need to be very selective about the things that you want to grow in your miniature garden.
Don’t be disappointed because you cannot grow huge trees in your garden but you can still grow a lot of fruits, vegetables and fragrant plants in your square foot garden. You can use these fresh vegetables and fruits to make salads daily.
Fresh food always tastes better, plus, it is healthy. So, you get dual benefits with single effort. Whether your garden is 4 foot by 4 foot or 2 foot by 3 foot in size, the plants mentioned here are suitable for both sizes. Here is an extensive list of things that you can grow in your garden.
Not all vegetables are present in the market all year long, unless they are exported, but those are way too expensive. Very few vegetables have the privilege of growing throughout the year such as tomatoes, potatoes etc. However, the plantation methods are different for both seasons but the growth of these vegetables is in full swing in a particular season.
Here is a list of vegetables that you can grow in your square foot garden in summer season. Besides them we have mentioned the number of squares they may consume; however, that is tentative. (1 square = 1 sq. ft) Beets (16 plants in 1 square) Bell Peppers (1 square) Broccoli (1 square) Bush Beans (8 plants in 1 square) Carrots (1 square) Cucumber (3 squares) Eggplant (1 square) Green Onions (16 plants in 1 square))Kohlrabi (1 square) Lettuce (4 plants in 1 square) Potatoes (1 square) Radish (16 plants in 1 square) Spinach (8 plants in 1 square) Sweet Corn (1 square) Tomatoes (1 square) Zucchini (9 squares)
In winters, staying in the sun and experimenting with your garden can be a lot of fun. ‘If you live in an area where frosting is a common issue, then you need to harvest these plants a few weeks before the frost date’ according to Garden Toolbox.
Here is a list of vegetables that you can grow in the winter season. The square size mentioned here is identical to the one mentioned in the previous topic. Asparagus (1 square) Broccoli (1 square) Cabbage (2 squares) Carrots (1 square) Celery (3 squares) Collard Greens (2 squares) Kale (1 square) Leeks (1 square) Parsnips (2 squares) Parsley (2 squares) Rutabagas (2 squares) Sweet Potatoes (1 square) Swiss Chard (1 square) Turnips (2 squares)
Some Common Herbs
You can make your square foot garden rich in herbs and diversify your food life at the same time. People usually have personal preferences when it comes to growing herbs. Some like the taste of thyme in their food while others like to make it healthy by adding cilantro. Here are some herbs that can be grown in small spaces.
Oregano — This herb should be harvested in fall. It will take 2 to 3 weeks to grow and emerge from the soil. A single plant should be harvested in one square. Moreover, it acts as a repellent for cabbage butterfly.
Rosemary — Rosemary seeds need a warm environment to nurture, so it is better to plant them 6 to 8 weeks before the winter season. One plant should be harvested in one square.
Thyme — Thyme is beneficial for your garden as well, as it has the tendency to attract insects for pollination. It should be planted in the fall season, before winter takes its toll. Like rosemary and oregano, one plant should be planted per square.
Dill — Dill is a good plantation choice but it should not be planted near carrots; as it belongs to the same family and can cross pollinate to deliver odd results. Dill takes about 2 squares.
Garlic — Garlic bulbs should be harvested in October or November. They need to be inserted at least 3 inches below the surface and they cover a lot of space. Therefore, 4 to 9 squares should be reserved for a single plant.
Chives — You should harvest chives along with carrots, it will enhance the growth of both plants. Chives take about 2 square. You are always welcome to experiment with different herbs.
Fruits, Trees and Berries It is always fun to plant fruits in your small garden. Nothing beats the taste of these fruits and berries! However, juts make sure that your vegetable and fruits square gardens are at a considerable distance from each other; otherwise you will see a lot of mix breeds.
If you are a gardening beginner then you should start with some small fruits like grapes, gooseberries, strawberries and blueberries.
Strawberries take about 6 to 8 weeks to grow; moreover, you can plant 5 strawberry plants in a single square foot garden. Other fruits and berries that can be easily grown in a square foot garden include all types of raspberries, cherries, melons, cranberries and currants. As most of the fruits grow on trees, growing fruits in a square foot garden can be a bit tough.
However, that does not mean that you cannot grow any plant in your garden. You can beautify your square foot garden by planting dwarf fruit trees. Since trees expand in horizontal and vertical direction, you need to be very careful during the plantation. Two consecutive plants should be planted at least 4 feet from each other. The best examples of such trees are dwarf apple and cherry trees.
Flowers are the beauty of the garden and they are an essential requirement too. The presence of flowers attracts beneficial insects which are important for pollination.
Plus, they are easy to grow and can make your indoors and outdoors fragrant. Almost every gardener starts with the plantation of flowers and then proceeds on to vegetables and fruits. However, that is not a compulsion.
The following flowers can be planted in a square foot garden: * Marigold (1 square) * Salvia (4 plants in 1 square) * Dahlia (1 square) * Petunia (4 plants in 1 square) * Pansy (4 plants in 1 square) * Dusty Miller (4 plants in 1 square) * Bee balm (1 square) * Lily of the valley (1 square) * Red clover (1 square) * Poppies (2 squares) This is not the end of list; you can always experiment with new flowers.